Lokmanya Tila was born as Keshav Bal Gangadhar Tilak on 23 July 1856 at Chummakachu Lane (Ranjani Aaleea) in Chikhalgaon, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. He was an Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and independence fighter.
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Tilak was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities derogatorily called him "Father of the Indian unrest". He was also conferred with the honorary title of "Lokmanya", which literally means "Accepted by the people (as their leader)".
Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of "Swaraj"(self-rule) and a strong radical in Indian consciousness. His famous quote, "Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!" is well-remembered in India even today.
He wrote the book The Arctic Home in the Vedas in 1903.